Understanding Candlesticks In Forex Trading

Forex Trading

Forex trading, a dynamic market, offers many opportunities to traders worldwide. However, to truly unlock its potential, it is crucial to delve into the intricate world of chart patterns and indicators specifically designed to forecast market behaviour. One such fundamental tool that has stood the test of time is the Japanese candlestick chart, a visual aid that traces its origins back to 17th-century rice traders.

These candlestick patterns, with their unique shapes and formations, provide invaluable insights into the psychology of market participants and can assist traders in making informed decisions. By studying and understanding these patterns, traders in the UK can gain a deeper understanding of market dynamics and potentially enhance their trading strategies.

What is a candlestick chart?

A candlestick chart is a trading price chart used in technical analysis to display a security’s high, low, opening and closing prices for a specific period. Each candlestick represents one trading session or interval, such as one hour or day.

The candlestick’s body indicates the difference between the opening and closing prices, while the wicks (also known as shadows) show the high and low prices for the period. A bullish candlestick, coloured green or white, indicates that the closing price remains higher than the opening price, while a bearish candlestick, coloured red or black, shows that the closing price was lower than the opening price.

The basics of candlestick patterns

Candlestick charts offer valuable information about market sentiment and can help traders identify potential trend reversals or continuations. They consist of various patterns, each with a specific shape and meaning. Some commonly used patterns include:


A doji is a candlestick pattern formed when the opening and closing prices are equal, resulting in a small or non-existent body. This pattern suggests indecision in the market, indicating that neither buyers nor sellers control the price action.

A doji appearing at an uptrend’s end could signal a potential bearish reversal. The market sentiment might shift after a period of upward movement, and a downward trend could be on the horizon. When a doji appears at the end of a downtrend, it may suggest a bullish reversal. In this scenario, the market sentiment might change after a downward movement, and an upward trend could be in the making.

By recognising and understanding the implications of doji candlestick patterns, traders and investors in the UK can gain valuable insights into the potential direction of price movements and make more informed trading decisions.

Hammer and hanging man

A hammer candlestick, a Japanese candlestick pattern, is characterised by a small body and a long lower wick. On the other hand, a hanging man pattern also has a small body but a long upper wick. These patterns indicate that buyers or sellers attempted to push the price in their direction, but their efforts were ultimately rejected, forming a long wick.

These patterns are often observed towards the end of a downtrend, potentially signalling a bullish reversal in the market. Traders and investors closely monitor these patterns as they can provide valuable insights into market sentiment and potential price movements.


An engulfing pattern occurs when a large bullish or bearish candle completely engulfs the previous candle’s body. This pattern is often seen as a strong indicator of trend reversal, with a bullish engulfing suggesting a potential uptrend and a bearish engulfing indicating a possible downtrend.

Morning and evening star

A morning star consists of three candles: an initial bearish candle, a small bullish or doji candle, and a large bullish candle. This pattern strongly signals a potential trend reversal from bearish to bullish. Similarly, an evening star consists of three candles: an initial bullish candle, a small bearish or doji candle, and a large bearish candle. This pattern suggests a potential trend reversal from bullish to bearish.

Incorporating candlestick patterns in trading strategies

Candlestick patterns provide traders with valuable insights into market dynamics with their unique formations and price patterns. These patterns, such as doji, hammer, and engulfing, can help identify potential trade opportunities and signal upcoming market reversals or continuations.

However, it is essential to note that more than relying solely on candlestick patterns may be required for making well-informed trading decisions. To enhance the accuracy of trading signals, traders often combine these patterns with other technical indicators and fundamental analysis.

By incorporating support and resistance levels, trendlines, and trading oscillators such as the Relative Strength Index and Moving Averages, traders can further validate their trading signals and mitigate the risk of false alerts.

In the dynamic forex market, where currency values fluctuate rapidly, traders who trade forex online find candlestick patterns valuable in their arsenal when analysing currency price patterns. By leveraging the power of candlestick patterns alongside other technical analysis techniques, traders can more confidently know when to enter and exit the forex market.

The bottom line

Japanese candlestick charts have stood the test of time and remain a valuable tool for traders in the forex market. These patterns offer insights into market psychology and can assist traders in identifying potential trend reversals or continuations. By understanding the basics of candlestick patterns and incorporating them into trading strategies, traders in the UK can enhance their decision-making process and improve their overall trading performance.

It is essential to remember that no single indicator or pattern can guarantee success in the forex market, as any form of investment contains risk. A winning combination of technical analysis, fundamental analysis, and risk management is crucial for sustained success in this dynamic market.